Memphis Blog

Listed here are the ones fascinating sorts of reptiles that breathe with out lungs


Clinical details about lungless salamanders, a circle of relatives of the tailed marmot, amphibians.
medical identify: Plethodontidae. Lungless salamanders, sometimes called lungless amphibians, are plenty of salamanders that don’t possess lungs and as an alternative breathe thru their epidermis. They may be able to be discovered in several areas of North The usa and are typically small in stature, measuring only some centimeters in period. They’re recurrently darkish in hue and feature swish, humid pores and skin which permits them to absorb oxygen thru their pores and skin. They inhabit wet environments comparable to woods, grottos, and brooks. Sure sorts of lungless salamanders are recognized to be able to regrow lacking frame portions, comparable to appendages and tails.

Common data

Round 400 species represent the circle of relatives of Lungless salamanders. Those amphibians possess a slim body, a long tail, and outstanding eyes. A novel feature of them is the presence of a flat nose-lip groove that extends from the nasal opening to the higher lip. This organ is covered with glands and permits the detection of fragrances within the water frame.

The animals of this circle of relatives both wouldn’t have lungs in any respect or best possess vestigial lungs. They’re fully depending on pores and skin and oral hollow space respiratory. Maximum species are solely terrestrial dwellers, and they don’t have aquatic larvae levels. The smallest individuals of this circle of relatives measure 3.8 cm in period, whilst the biggest are roughly 22 cm.


The primitive species reside in North The usa, particularly within the Appalachian Mountains. They then unfold to western North The usa and so far as Europe. On the other hand, best two species reside right here in Europe. Some reside in northern South The usa.

Way of life

Lungless salamanders reside solely in damp, hidden puts. Simplest in wet climate and most commonly at night time they go away it to search for meals or to mate. They’ve a low metabolic fee and are due to this fact ready to live on for a very long time in a resting state. Once they consume, they retailer a big a part of the meals as fats for such classes.

Systematic method

The entire device:

Superfamily : Salamander kinfolk (Salamandroidea)
Order: Caudate (Caudata)
Subclass: Lissamphibia
Elegance: Amphibians (Amphibia)
Sequence: Terrestrial Vertebrates (Tetrapoda)
Superclass: Jawed animals (Gnathostomata)
Sub-tribe: Vertebrates (Vertebrata)
Tribe: Chordatiere (Chordata)
Father or mother crew: Neumünder (Deuterostomia)
Subdivision: Bilateria
Division: Tissue animals (Eumetazoa)
Sub-kingdom: Vielzeller (Metazoa)
Kingdom: Animals (Animalia)

The circle of relatives of lungless salamanders (Plethodontidae) contains the subfamilies:

Bolitoglossinae with 275 species
Hemidactyliinae with one species
Plethodontinae with 94 species
Spelerpinae with 36 species
The subfamily Bolitoglossinae contains the genera:

Malicious program salamander (Batrachoseps) with 19 species
Mushroom-tongued salamander (Bolitoglossa) with 117 species
Bradytriton with one of those
Callus salamander (Chiropterotriton) with 12 species
Cryptotriton with 7 sorts
Dendrotriton with 6 sorts
Nototriton with 13 species
Nyctanolis with one of those
Tropical salamander (Oedipina) with 25 species
Parvimolge with a sort
Mexico salamander (Pseudoeurycea) with 50 species
Thorius with 23 species
The subfamily Hemidactyliinae contains the genera:

4-toed salamander (Hemidactylium) with one species
The subfamily Plethodontinae contains the genera:

Tree salamander (Aneides) with 6 species
Bach Salamander (Desmognathus) with 20 species
Eschscholtz salamander (Ensatina) with a species
Hydromantes with 3 sorts
Karsenia with a sort
Creeping salamander (Phaeognathus) with a species
Woodland salamander (Plethodon) with 55 species
Eu cave salamanders (Speleomantes) with 7 species
The subfamily Spelerpinae contains the genera:

Yellow salamander (Eurycea) with 27 species
Supply salamander (Gyrinophilus) with 4 species
Dust salamander (pseudotriton) with 3 species
Striped salamander (Stereochilus) with one species
Urspelerpes with a sort

Lungless salamanders belong to the superfamily of salamander kinfolk (Salamandroidea)
this additionally contains the households:

Go-toothed newts (Ambystomatidae)
Eel newts (Amphiumidae)
Large newts (Dicamptodontidae)
Olme (Proteidae)
Vulcan’s newts (Rhyacotritonidae)
Salamanders and newts (Salamandridae)
In different languages
English: Lungless salamanders
French: Plethodontidae
Italian: Pletodontidi
Dutch: Longloze salamanders
Norwegian: Lungeløse salamandere
Swedish: Lunglösa salamandrar
Spanish: Salamandras apulmonadas

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More